Noise phobia in dogs is a common problem that many dog owners are concerned about. Dogs who are afraid of loud noise may show signs of distress that range from mild to severe and can include:
* Whining or vocalizing
* Seeking shelter or fleeing
* Destructive behavior such as chewing furniture
* Urinating or defecating
Some dogs seem to only be triggered by specific noises, such as thunderstorms, fireworks, nearby gunshots, or engines backfiring. In other cases, a wide variety of noises might trigger certain canines into a panic...even as subtle as the sound of a floorboard creaking or the garage door opening.
The causes for this behavior in dogs are not entirely understood. What we do know is that anxiety-related behaviors such as separation anxiety, thunderstorm phobia, and noise phobia have a high correlation. That is, research shows that a dog that has one of these conditions is more likely to have one of the others. And, research also suggests that this condition can be a learned response or the product of brain imbalances similar to some anxiety disorders in humans.
If your canine is afraid of loud noises, here are 5 things you can do to help:
#1: Anticipate the Trigger
One of the most powerful ways to help your dog cope with fear of noises is to learn precisely the kinds of sounds that make her anxious and try to anticipate them. For example, if she is afraid of fireworks, then you know she may need some extra support on the 4th of July. If it is thunderstorms that get your dog in a tizzy, then keeping an eye on the weather during the summer is a good idea.
Of course, it is not always possible to know when the neighbor’s motorcycle is going to backfire, so advanced notice isn’t always possible. However, when you can predict a potentially triggering situation, it gives you the advantage of managing the environment to make sure that your dog will at least be safe in the event that he panics from noise phobia.
#2: Provide Shelter
Many dogs with a chronic fear of noise will benefit from having a hard-sided crate (or a wire crate with a blanket laid over it) to retreat to when triggered. If your dog likes to run under the kitchen table during a thunderstorm, for example, then investing in a crate might give her some extra security during a storm.
Although it may be alarming to see your dog run into the crate to hide, it is frankly one of the best responses to loud noises (other than no response!). This means your dog is doing what he needs to do to calm down on his own...and it sure beats tearing up the furniture or running around in a panic.
#3: Calm Yourself Down
Of course it is very difficult, even traumatic in its own right, to see your faithful companion in such distress. However, it is critical that you work to bring your own emotional reaction to one of calm and confidence. Your pup is looking to you for signals. Your concern for her is very likely to be understood as fear for the situation, further deepening her sense that the situation is unsafe.
Similarly, while it is tempting to coddle a dog who is experiencing fear of loud noises, the instinct to comfort can be easily overdone. It can be internalized as a form of reward for the anxious behavior, sending your companion the signal that the panic response is appropriate. While certainly a few pets and a calm, reassuring tone is in order, try your best to ignore the behavior as long as your dog is not in danger (such as chewing up electrical cords or digging at the drywall in a desperate escape attempt).
Note as well that if your gut tells you that your dog needs the help of a professional animal behaviorist, chances are, he does. Follow your instincts and find a certified animal behaviorist to help your dog get to a better place with its noise phobias.
#4: Redirect Your Dog’s Attention
Sometimes, particularly in mild to moderate cases of noise phobia in dogs, you can distract your dog with something it really loves such as some extra special treats, a game of tug or fetch, or running through some of its favorite tricks.
If you are able to capture your dog’s attention and get its mind on something else, all the while rewarding it for behavior other than fear, then this is the ideal situation. Not only are you helping your dog feel better in the moment, you are also “reprogramming” the emotional response during the noise itself.
In fact, many dog trainers will use recordings of noises set at a very low volume at first with this kind of redirection training. Over time the volume is turned up, but the redirection work goes on with plenty of reward. This can desensitize a dog in relation to a specific noise trigger, although it often takes months to fully remove the fear response, and even then it can come back unexpectedly.
At their root, noise phobias in dogs are related to anxiety around a trigger. Because it has been shown to have anti-anxiety properties, CBD oil may help complement behavior modification programs for dogs with phobias. Research on people has shown that not only does CBD seem to reduce anxiety by working directly with the central nervous system, it also seems to have a dampening effect on learned fear, such as what we see with many phobias.
In fact, many dog owners and dog trainers alike have found that a few drops within an hour of triggering situations can be especially helpful in reducing the severity of a panic response for some dogs. Others prefer to use CBD oil as a safe daily addition for overall wellness given the various potential health benefits of this natural product and have noticed that their dogs seem less anxious in general.